Living & Economy
The Krefeld economy has been characterised by textile manufacturing for over 200 years. The processing of flax and silk laid the foundations for the city's rise to become the richest in the German Empire. Machine construction companies and chemical plants were established in the wake of textile production.
Moreover, Krefeld had been turned into a centre for art and avant-garde movements, first by the silk barons and then up to the 1950s by plant managers. The Bauhaus architect, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, designed Haus Lange and Haus Esters as well as the only industrial construction worldwide for the Vereinigte Seidenwebereien (silk-weaving association).
The structure of the economy has changed considerably with the textile industry's geographical shift to East Asia. Today, textile expertise has enabled technical fabrics to develop in Krefeld. "Made in Krefeld" stands for high-tech synthetic materials, stainless steel, press systems and highspeed trains. Furthermore, a dynamic services sector, robust trading companies and high-performance logistics providers offer optimal conditions for continued positive economic development.